Students’ Independent Work in the Context of Credit-Modular System
The article shows that properly organized independent work creates favourable conditions for the development of students’ cognitive abilities and enhances their work during lessons. The basic principles and fundamentals of organization of students’ independent work in medical educational establishments were characterized. The theoretical bases were provided and the applied value of various forms of independent work in the current educational activity was substantiated. The main task of medical education development in Ukraine is to prepare highly qualified competitive doctor who can flexibly refocuse his activity according to the needs of the field of medicine. Therefore, higher medical education faces the task of improvement the process of future doctors’ training. The question of organization and control of students’ independent work is especially acute in terms of the inclusion of Ukraine into the Bologna educational process. The introduction of credit-modular educational system and self-organization as a progressive form of specialists’ training becomes relevant. Higher education institutions gradually shift from the information transmission to the management of students’ independent work skills mastering, which is a special form of training activity aimed at creation of students’ independence, mastering their totality of knowledge, abilities, skills. This is performed due to the introduction of an appropriate system of all types of classes organization. Practical training contributes to the formation and deepening of clinical medical thinking of the future medical worker, i.e. the ability to comprehensively assess the diversity of symptoms and the clinical picture and to make decisions immediately. The practical self-training of students-doctors is a required component of educational-training programme for qualification obtaining and is aimed at the acquiring of professional skills and abilities.
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