The Prevalence of Caries of First Molars and Its Role in the Occurrence of Occlusal Disorders
To study the caries lesion of the first molars we used the results of our research about the prevalence of tooth decay in young people, who live in the districts with low level of fluoride. 300 students of first 3 years of study at Ivano-Frankivsk National Medical University at the age of 17 to 20 were examined for the research of prevalence of tooth decay. They were the citizens of Ivano-Frankivsk city, Nadvirna districrt, Verhovyna district and Rivne region. Clinical examination included medical history and oral cavity examination with the help of dental probe and detection device diagnodent (Kavo). We found that, regardless of the place of residence, the prevalence of acute and chronic tooth decay of the first molars was the highest. Occlusal decay was observed most commonly (38,3%). The established regularities of the prevalence of caries lesions in the first molars point to the necessity of development and realization of treatment measures for the prevention of occlusal disorders.
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