Analysis of the Dynamics of Cardiovascular Health in the Population of Ivano-Frankivsk Region over the Past Seventeen Years
The key to increase the level of life expectancy is good health. To study the indicators of cardiovascular health in the population of the Carpathian region, the analysis of the indicators of cardiovascular disease prevalence over the period 1998-2014 was made. The analysis was conducted based on statistical data of the Regional Information-Analytical Center of Medical Statistics and medical records of the Ivano-Frankivsk Regional Clinical Cardiology Dispensary over the period 1998-2014.
To identify the population structure in Ivano-Frankivsk region, the analysis of the main demographic indices over the period 1998-2014 was made. The analysis revealed that in 2007, the total population of the Carpathian region was 1,386,000 people while in 2014, it was 1,379,400 people that was 1.05% and 5.76% lower compared to the total population in 1998 (1,463,600 people). Similar tendency was observed across the whole country. During the studied period, the indicators of the overall prevalence of hypertension (all forms) increased by 2.89 times while the indicators of primary disease incidence increased by 1.89 times. The indicator of the overall prevalence of ischemic heart disease among the adult population of Ivano-Frankivsk region during the studied period increased by 2.11 times ranging from 9780.3 to 20629.1 cases per 100,000 population. It should be noted that since 2012 a reduction in the prevalence of angina pectoris from 6545.7 to 6126.2 cases per 100,000 population (by 1.07 times) was observed. The increase in the incidence of acute myocardial infarction from 81 to 108.2 cases per 100,000 population (by 1.34 times) was detected as well. Cardiovascular diseases are known to be the most urgent problem of modern health care system having no geographical, socioeconomic and sexual preferences. They remain to be the major cause of mortality accounting for about 17,300,000 cases per year.
Conclusions. Thus, important factors affecting life expectancy of Ivano-Frankivsk region residents include morbidity and mortality due to cardiovascular diseases which have increased recently.
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