Therapeutic-recreational Jerusalem Artichoke Products and Their Use in Medical Practice
Abstract. Current data on Jerusalem artichoke (topinambour) as a unique plant that has the ability to maximize the use of solar energy to accumulate in the tubers of the polysaccharide inulin in a very high concentration – more than 50% of their weight, are represented in the article. In this regard, topinambour is a record holder in the plant world. Inulin has the property of a prebiotic and promotes the reproduction of the most useful collibacillus – bifidumbacteria, as the second immune system of the human body. However, the composition of the intestinal microflora is normalized, 90% of which are bifidumbacteria. This makes it possible to use Jerusalem artichoke as an edible product in therapeutic practice in the intestinal diseases, immunodeficiency conditions, including diabetes mellitus, because fructose formed from inulin does not need to absorb insulin. For this purpose, the medicine “Biftop” was created in Ivano-Frankivsk Medical University; it includes topinambour powder and bifidumbacteria. Clinical trials performed have shown its high efficiency. In addition, dried Jerusalem artichoke extract can be used in the baking industry for baking diet bread, wheat buns, confectionery. Currently, the construction-and-installation and commissioning work on the production of dried fruits, including Jerusalem artichoke powder, which can be widely used for therapeutic-prophylactic purpose, is almost finished in the Ivano-Frankivsk region.
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Copyright (c) 2020 Volodymyr Botsyurko, Vasyl Kasiyanchuk
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