The Changes of Prooxidant-Antioxidant and Energy Homeostasis in Rates with Impaired Glucose Tolerance
Topicality.Violation of glucose utilization leads to disruption of all types of metabolic processes. Particularly dangerous in the prognostic aspect is the combination of carbohydrate metabolism disorders and other endocrine pathologies, in particular hypothyroid dysfunction.
The objective of the study was to examine prooxidant-antioxidant changes ofblood serum, teeth pulp and oral mucosa in rats with impaired glucose tolerance on the background of iodine deficiency.
Materials and Methods. The studies were carried on 60 female rats, which were divided into two research groups - rats with impaired glucose tolerance and insulin resistance on the background of iodine deficiency. Lipid peroxidation processes were evaluated due to the content of diene conjugates and active products that react with thiobarbituric acid in blood serum, teeth pulp and oral mucosa. Antioxidant defence of blood serum was characterized by catalase, ceruloplasmin, superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase, glutathione reductase activity and iron transferrin saturation. Energy metabolism was examined by the activity of succinate dehydrogenase, malate dehydrogenase and lactate dehydrogenase in blood serum.
Results.Impaired glucose tolerance was foundto lead to the activation of lipoperoxidation, mainly due to the accumulation of final products of lipid peroxidation in all studied tissues against the background of redistribution of the activity of antiradical enzymes. Under these experimental conditions, different changes in the activity of energy synthesis enzymes were observed. The development of combined endocrine pathology has led to more pronounced changes in the prooxidant-antioxidant system and significant suppression of serum dehydrogenase activity.
Conclusions.The development of insulin resistance on the background of iodine deficiency causes the activation of oxygen-dependent processes in periodontal tissues against the background of reduced antiradical defence and disruption of energy synthesis system.
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