Regularities and Principles of Training the Students for Future Professional Activities
One of the most important results of the process of training students for future professional activity is the desired level of formation of their professional thinking. Thinking is a rational level and a way of forming cognitive, evaluative and practical actions. The peculiarity of this method is in the orientation of the subject to the objectivity, universality and productivity.
The approach to the concept of professional thinking as a special type of spiritual activity leads the researcher to work out the principle of monism of existence and thinking, and thus allows the derivation of forms of human spiritual activity from the laws of the material world, social practice, labor, social relations.
Training is performed on the basis of objective laws, according to which the class managers and those who study coordinate their actions. Education is a process of contradictory unity of reproductive and productive educational-cognitive activities of students.
Due to the fact that education involves the development of participants, it covers learning situations in which students study to master and manage the ways of professional productive activity.
Education – is a process of transition of a degree of educational-cognitive independence of participants of the classes into the quality of their material mastering.
This regularity draws attention to the existence of a connection between the educational-cognitive independence of the lessons participants and the quality of their material mastering. If the teacher evaluates only the results of the students’ actions as such, ignoring the fact that the class participant has no knowledge, skills, thus – he is wrong. The students must be given the opportunity to make up lost ground, enrich their fund with the new experience, inspire confidence in success.
The subject distinctness of the professional thinking is that the subject of work (occupation, business) “dictates” the way it is understood, i.e., knowledge of the material becomes a form of thinking. When studying the impact of technology on the human consciousness, we should not only talk about the coincidence of the forms of objects with the forms of thinking, but definitely highlight the unity of professional actions and the logic of professional thinking.
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