Technologization of Innovative Educational Processes in Higher Education Establishments
The needs of Ukraine’s economic development require the creation of new, innovative technologies that take into account changes in the social and spiritual life of young people, the need to form a harmonious personality and optimize the learning process. New pedagogical technologies are aimed primarily at “providing conditions for self-realization of student’s essential capabilities in various kinds of theoretical and practical activities, in dynamic life in the new market conditions”.
An essential feature of modern innovation processes in the field of education and upbringing is their technologization – a strict compliance with the content and sequence of stages of innovation implementation.
The difference between technology and methodology is a fundamental issue for modern pedagogics. Technology and methodology are distinguished by two main points: the guarantee of the final outcome and planning of the future educational process.
The varieties of personality-centered pedagogical technologies include personality developmental teaching, productive teaching, personalized teaching and technology of higher labor, self-development, technology of humanism.
Analyzing the features of higher pedagogical education technologization, the attention should be paid to an increase in the need for the use of new information technologies in the training of new generation specialists for modern educational systems. New information technologies (NIT) are defined as a set of methods and technological means of collecting, organizing, storing, processing, transmitting and presenting information that increases people’s knowledge and develops their capabilities to manage technological and social problems.
Pedagogical technology is interpreted according to three aspects: the scientific aspect (pedagogical technology as a component of pedagogical science that creates pedagogical processes in pedagogical systems); procedural and descriptive aspect (description, process algorithm, a set of goals, content of methods and means to achieve guaranteed results according to the goal); procedural and effectual aspect (implementation of the technological process, functioning of all personal tools).
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