Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) still remains a serious problem for the public health care system, since it commonly causes disability and mortality among the working population. Frequent combination of COPD with concomitant diseases is a key factor in predicting COPD consequences. Recently, the number of patients with a combination of COPD and overweight is on the increase, which is considered as a mutual aggravating factor and negatively affects the prognosis of the disease in such patients.
The objective of this study was to investigate the diagnostic value of leptin in progression of COPD (III degree of bronchial obstruction in patients with overweight) course by studying its level in blood serum.
Materials and methods: There were examined 112 patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD GOLD III) in different phases of pathological process. The pulmonary function (PF) test was performed by means of “SPIROKOM” device (Ukraine). The degree of overweight was determined by calculating the body mass index (BMI) using the formula І = m/h² (m – body mass in kilograms, h – height, in square meters (kg/m²). The level of leptin of systemic inflammatory markers was determined by a solid phase enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in blood serum: “DRG Leptin Elisa” (Germany).
Results and conclusions: The study revealed that overweight leads to a more severe course of COPD (III degree of bronchial obstruction), and the determination of leptin may serve as a diagnostic criterion in the progression of this pathology.
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