Animals following a high-fructose diet during eight weeks, have experienced changes in metabolism and the signs of insulin resistance have developed. Under such conditions, moderate hyperglycemia, hyperinsulinemia, hyperuricemia, an increase of the level of glycosylated hemoglobin in whole blood were observed. The significant role of the HOMA-IR index, as an early marker of carbohydrate metabolism disorders at the stage of pre-diabetes, has been confirmed. In experimental animals against the background of the high-fructose diet, the changes in the lipid spectrum of the blood were revealed: an increase of the total cholesterol level, low-density lipoproteins, triglycerides against the background of a high-density lipoproteins decrease. These disorders and a significant increase of the atherogenicity reflect the development of secondary dyslipidemia. In this case, the disorders of carbohydrate metabolism were combined with the degree of dyslipidemia. Males were found to have at increased risk of development the insulin resistance and comorbid pathology. Iodine deficiency, especially of congenital nature, is an aggravating factor of metabolic disorders. The obtained data can serve as a basis for extend of preventive measures and identification of the priority treatment schemes for type 2 diabetes mellitus in residents of endemic regions.
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