The objective of the research was to examine the prevalence and the structure of dental hard tissues lesion of the patients with different forms of pathological tooth wear in combination with denture defects, parodentium tissue disease and dento-facial deformations among the population of Ivano-Frankivsk region in order to improve diagnosis, treatment and prevention of the pathology.
Materials and Methods: 230 patients at the age of 30-59 have been clinically examined.
Results: clinical epidemiological research has proved significant prevalence of pathological tooth wear among the population of Ivano-Frankivsk region. Some clinical cases made up a separate group when pathological abrasion of dental hard tissues was complicated by dentition discontinuity, parodentium tissue disease and dento-facial deformations. Therefore, an individual approach to treatment and the usage of complex methods of diagnosis, treatment and prevention is important in orthopedic rehabilitation of such patients.
Conclusions. The prevalence of pathological abrasion of dental hard tissues is 58.6% prevailing in generalized nature of the lesion in 81.5% of cases and increase in the frequency of pathological tooth wear in people at the age of 50-59.
Degree II of dental hard tissues loss has been observed most often in the patients with generalized form of pathological tooth wear. It was found in 56.4% of patients. Pathological abrasion of dental hard tissues together with dentition discontinuity, parodentium tissue disease and dentition deformations were found in 83.7% of patients.
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