Features of Ultrastructural Changes in Hepatocytes and Sinusoids of the Liver in Rats with Concomitant Chest and Hip Trauma


concomitant trauma

How to Cite

Gdanskyi, S. M., & Gerasimyuk, N. I. (2015). Features of Ultrastructural Changes in Hepatocytes and Sinusoids of the Liver in Rats with Concomitant Chest and Hip Trauma. Galician Medical Journal, 22(2), 37-41. Retrieved from https://ifnmujournal.com/gmj/article/view/295


In the experiment on rats inducing concomitant chest and hip trauma the features of changes in hepatocytes and hemomicrocirculatory bed of the liver were investigated using electron microscopy. The degenerative dystrophic changes in hepatocytes occurring secondary to dysfunctional adjustment of elements of hemomicrocirculatory bed were detected at early stages (within the first day) after injury. An expressed expansion of the sinusoidal lumen and filling it with blood corpuscles such as erythrocytes, lymphocytes, and neutrophils were seen in the hemomicrocirculatory bed. In the hepatocytes the nuclear membrane became wavy due to numerous protrusions and invaginations in contrast to the smooth nuclear membrane of the hepatocytes of intact animals. There was an increased number of free lysosomes in the cytoplasm. The lumen of bile capillaries located between two adjacent hepatocytes looked expanded. These phenomena were accompanied by gradual destruction of mitochondria with co-existent notable expansion of ducts and tanks of both granular and smooth endoplasmic reticulum. Such changes progressed to the 3rd day of posttraumatic period and were stabilized up to the 7th day of the experimental observation. Since the 7th day of the experiment the regenerative processes occurred continuing till 28th day with the complete restoration of the state of hemomicrocirculatory channels and the structural organization of hepatocytes. The presence of white blood cells in hepatic hemomicrocirculatory bed, especially during the early posttraumatic period may be the sign of the development of reactive changes in response to trauma with co-existent inflammatory and corresponding immune responses. 



Hembytskii M.M. Pathology of internal organs in trauma. Meditsina. Moscow. 1994; 256.

Desiateryk V.I., Mikhno S.P., Miroshnichenko V.M. et al. The place and role of thoracic trauma in the structure of polytrauma: the first experience of a specialized department. Materialy nauk.-prakt. konf., prysviach. 30-richchiu kafedry torakalnoii khirurhii ta pulmonolohii KMAPO im. Shupyka. Kyiv. 2005; 18 – 21.

Peschanskii R.E., Tantsiura V.P., Dudyn A.M., Yaroshchak V.V. Principles of surgical treatment of patients with concomitant chest and extremities trauma. Vestnik neotlozhnoy i vosstanovitelnoy meditsiny. 2012; 13(3): 384 – 386.

Seleznev S.A., Khudaiberenov H.S. Traumatic disease (relevant issues). Ashkhabad. 1984; 224.

Kalinina N.M., Sosiukin A.E., Volohzhanin D.A., Kuzin A.A., Kniazev P.S. Trauma: inflammation and immunity. Tsitokiny i vospalenie. 2005; 1: http://www.cytokines.ru/2005/1/Art4.php.

Ursol H.N., Bondarchuk S.P., Davydkin V.A. et al. Treatment of chest trauma.

Materialy nauk.-prakt. konf., prysviach. 30-richchiu kafedry torakalnoi khirurhii ta pulmonolohii KMAPO im. Shupyka. Kyiv. 2005; 97 – 99.

Ushakov B.N., Dolzhanov A.Ya. Traumatic disease. Voronezh. Moscow. 1998; 389.

Mazurkevych H.S., Bahnenko S.F. Shock: theory, clinic, organization of medical care in case of shock. Politekhnika. St.-Petersburg. 2004; 539.

Hryhorev E.H, Apartsin K.A., Kornilov N.H. et al. Epidemiology of concomitant injuries in the industrial centers of Eastern Siberia. Byulleten VSNTS SO RAMN. 2005; 3 (41): 109 – 110.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.