The Structure of Submandibular and Sublingual Salivary Glands Parenchyma and Their Acini Morphometric Characteristics Using Factor Models


submandibular gland
sublingual gland
morphometric parameters
factor analysis

How to Cite

Kotyk, T. L., Popovych, Y. I., & Yurakh, O. M. (2014). The Structure of Submandibular and Sublingual Salivary Glands Parenchyma and Their Acini Morphometric Characteristics Using Factor Models. Galician Medical Journal, 21(1), 1-5. Retrieved from


Relevance. Perspective area of investigating salivary glands (SG) is the study of the structure of their acini and excretory ducts in pathological processes models. The obtained results are compared with the results of studying intact animals. Literature data concerning structural organization of the intact rats’ SG differ in ways of morphometry performing, quantitative indicators and are often contradictory in their results. Objective. To study the structure of submandibular (SMDG) and sublingual (SLG) salivary glands parenchyma in intact mature rats and determine the significance of various morphometric parameters of acini. Materials and methods. Histological sections were stained with hematoxylin-eosin and semifine ones with methylene blue. Electronic and microscopic study was performed by the generally accepted method. The morphometric analysis was performed at the light and optical level. We determined the area of profile fields, the elongation coefficient and forms of acini and their nuclei.To compare the results we used Mann-Whitney test. The exploratory factor analysis was performed. Results. We have learned characteristic  features of  SMDG and SLG  acini structure and the significance of various morphometric parameters. It was ascertained, that the  system of excretory ducts of glands particles is represented by intercalated,  striated and intralobular ducts. We have also found granular ducts in SMDG. The obtained factor models characterize salivary glands functioning in intact animals and are determined by two latent factors. Conclusions. 1) structural features of acini and their morphometric characteristics are specific for 12-months old intact male rats; 2) received factor models determine a large part of the total dispersion parameters of both SG and are adequate; 3) the similarity of factor structures of SG confirms the principle of intasystem organization of the cells of their final secretory departments; 4) Factor 1 is a factor of morphofunctional state of nuclei and Factor 2 is a factor of morphofunctional state of the cellular composition of acini.



Abramov V. A., Kamishny A. M., Lubomirskaya V. A., Kolesnik Yu. M. Structural and functional organization of thymus lymphoid population: experience of using the mathematical classification analysis. Clin. And experim. Pathol. 2002; 1 (1): 5-9.

Babaeva A. G., Shubnikova E. A. Structure, function and adaptive growth of the salivary glands. М.: Moscow university, 1979. Print.

Denisov A. B. The influence of ultrasound on the large salivary glands. Morphology of rats salivary glands in dynamics. Bulletin of experimental biology and medicine. 2007; 144 (11): 586-589.

Kim J.-O. , Mueller C. U., and Klecka C. Factor, discriminant and cluster analysis. М.: Finance and statistics, 1989.

Pelypenko L. B., Yeroshenko H. A., Bilash S. M., Yer’omina N. F. et al. Changes in the structure of rats’sublingual glands after administration of epinephrine and acetylcholine. The world of medicine and biology. 2008; 4: 59-64.

Rebrova O. Ju. Statistical analysis of medical data. Use of software package STATISTICA. М.: MediaSfera, 2002.

Ryhlik S. V., Maslovskij S. Ju. The study of neuronal-glial-capillary relationship in the ventral group of thalamic nuclei using factor models. Medicine today and tomorrow. 2008; 4: 35-38.

Ali Zoba H., Mubarak R. Histomorphometric Analysis of the Postnatal Development and Growth of Rat Submandibular Glands in Offsprings of Diabetic Mothers. J. Am. Sci. 2012; 8 (1): 342-349.

Coire F., Umemura A. Increase in the cell volume of the rat submandibular gland during postnatal development. Braz. J. morphol. 2003; 20: 37-42.

Ishii K., Tsubaki T., Fujita K., Ishigami A., Maruyama N., Akita M. Immunohistochemical localization of senescence marker protein-30 (SMP30) in the submandibular gland and ultrastructural changes of the granular duct cells in SMP30 knockout mice. Histol. Histopathol. 2005; 20 (3): 761-768.

Kamata M, Shirakawa M, Kikuchi K, Matsuoka T, Aiyama S. Histological analysis of the sublingual gland in rats with streptozotocin-induced diabetes. Okajimas Folia Anat. Jpn. 2007; 84 (2): 71-76.

Lima M., Sottovia-Filho D. Morphometric characterization of sexual differences in the rat sublingual gland. Brazilian Oral 2004; 18 (1): 53-58.

Noorafshan A. Volume-weighted mean volume of the submandibular gland acini in male and female diabetic rats. Micron. 2006; 37 (7): 613-616.

Pişiriciler R., Çalişkan-Ak E., Emekli-Alturfan E., Yarat A. et al. Impact of Experimental Hyperlipidemia on Histology of Major Salivary Glands. Med. J. Trak. Univ. 2009; 26 (4): 283-291.

Roussa E., Thévenod F. Distribution of V-ATPase in rat salivary glands Eur. J. Morphol. 1998; 36: 147-152.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.