There were examined 65 children with partially controlled and uncontrolled bronchial asthma (BA) in the exacerbation phase at the age of 5-7 years. Acute respiratory viral infections were often complicated by wheezing (49.2%) and pneumonia (16.8%). Unfortunately, most of these episodes were treated using antibacterial therapy despite normal values of the complete blood count and no infiltrative changes in the chest radiography. Children of Group I underwent basic therapy of BA in the form of inhaled corticosteroids (ICS), patients of Group II received antileukotriene drug – montelukast (Milukante) in addition to basic therapy of BA. When assessing the values of peakflowmetry a peak flow rate was found to be improved in all children (р<0.001), however, in children who additionally received montelukast better parameters of the average daily bronchial patency (ADBP) were observed 77.29±1.17% vs. 72.87±0.73% in Group І (р<0.05). There was a similar tendency when assessing the increase in the ADBP 19.9±1.1% and 23.35±1.18% in Group І and ІІ, respectively. After inpatient treatment, patients were prescribed monotherapy with ICS (Group I) or montelukast (Group II) for 3 months. In children who received montelukast parameters of the ADBP were found to be higher 81.29±1.17% vs. 89.27±1.11% in Group І (р<0.05) and, accordingly, the assessment of general well-being was higher, too. Such differences between groups are explained by the fact that patients preferred taking montelukast to taking ICS.
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