Forensic Medical Peculiarities of Skin Damage Caused by a Large-Caliber Bullet Cartridge of Traumatic (Non-Lethal) Action “Teren-12P”


gunshot wound
a device for shooting bullets filled with elastic kinetic-energy projectiles of traumatic (non-lethal) action
“Teren-12P” cartridge
elastic bullet of traumatic (non-lethal) action
morphological features of bodily injuries
specific ring

How to Cite

Sapielkin, V. V. (2016). Forensic Medical Peculiarities of Skin Damage Caused by a Large-Caliber Bullet Cartridge of Traumatic (Non-Lethal) Action “Teren-12P”. Galician Medical Journal, 23(2), 67-73. Retrieved from


The limitation of the database on the properties of the bullet cartridge of traumatic (non-lethal) action 12-gauge “Teren-12P” as well as the nature and peculiarities of injuries caused by it can lead to certain difficulties in the conduction of the complex forensic examinations when investigating their wide-scale use. Using pig skin and ballistic clay experimental shots from shotgun “Fort-500M” using bullet cartridge “Teren-12P” from a distance of 15 m were carried out. The obtained data were compared with the available clinical and morphological data when observing the course of damage to the human hip formed under the same conditions. During the experimental studies morphological features of typical skin damage caused by the action of elastic “Teren-12P” bullet cartridges as well as the features of the process of wound healing were established. It is of great relevance for both forensic experts and medical personnel of healthcare facilities, as detailed and qualitative description of the nature of these damages in medical records allows obtaining more complete forensic information when conducting forensic examinations.



Millar R, Rutherford WH, Johnston S, Malhotra VJ. Injuries caused by rubber bullets: a report on 90 patients. British Journal of Surgery. 1975;62;480-486. doi: 10.1002/bjs.1800620613.

Rocke L. Injuries caused by plastic bullets compared with those caused by rubber bullets. Lancet. 1983;321(8330):919-920.

Steele J, McBride S, Kelly J, et al. Plastic bullet injuries in Northern Ireland: experiences during a week of civil disturbance. J Trauma. 1999;46:711-714.

Hughes D, Maguire K, Dunn F, Fitzpatrick S, et al. Plastic baton round injuries. Emerg Med J. 2005;22:111-112. doi:10.1136/emj.2003.007518.

Mahajana A, Aboud N, Harbaji I, et al. Blunt and penetrating injuries caused by rubber bullets during the Israeli-Arab conflict in October 2000: a retrospective study. Lancet. 2002;359(9320):1795-1800.

Wahl P, Schreyer N, Yersin B. Injury pattern of the Flash-Ball®, a less-lethal weapon used for law enforcement: report of two cases and review of the literature. J Emerg Med. 2006;31(3):325-330.

Houssaye C, Paraire F, Rambant C, et al. Flashball®: données autopsiques et revue de la literature. Revue des SAMU. 2007;290-293.

Musin EH, Romanko NA, Makarov IYu, Kutsenko KI. Forensic medical evaluation of the mechanism of gunshot injuries caused by elastic submunitions. Sudebno-meditsinskaya ekspertiza. 2012;3:19-22

Leonov SV, Mikhailenko AV, Slautinskaya AV. Specificity of the mechanism of formation of bruising in trauma caused by elastic shells cartridges of traumatic weapon. Sudebno-meditsinskaya ekspertiza. 2014;1:16-17.

Mikhaylenko AV, Slautinskaya AV. Mechanics of forming bruising under the action of elastic shells as a result of shots from a traumatic weapon. Sudebno-meditsinskaya ekspertiza. 2014;1:54-58.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.