Objective: introduction of prevention methods and increase of the treatment efficacy of teeth deformations using individual dental bite splints.
Materials and methods: The results of clinical examination of 67 patients of different age (20 to 59 years) with the existing dentition defects before and after use of individual removable dental bite splints are given in this article.
The results of the work: the objective study showed a difference in data of the distances between certain points of the teeth surrounding the defect without dentition deformations and in their presence (distances АВ in the control and experimental groups was respectively 7.16 ± 0.19 mm and 4.32 ± 0.19 mm, АD -7.62 ± 0.19 mm and 4.16 ± 0.20 mm, ВС - 7.49 ± 0.19 mm and 4.07 ± 0.19 mm, СD – 6.96±0.19 mm and 3.67±0.19 mm). After the performance of the preparation of the patients with the dentition defects and deformations of the teeth with the use of individual dental bite splints to the prosthetic repair in several stages, it became possible to reduce significantly indexes of the distances in the presence of pathology and bring them closer to physiological data (АВ - 5.85 ± 0.21 mm, AD - 6.09 ± 0.18 mm, BC - 6.22 ± 0.19 mm, and СD- 5.73±0.19mm).
Conclusions: The use of individual removable dental bite splints gave the possibility to improve significantly the prosthetic efficacy by normalizing the occlusal relations and chewing load onto the displaced teeth in the area of dentition defect.
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