In patients with acute coronary syndrome who were performed coronary arteries’ revascularization, in the postoperative period disorders of hemodynamics and heart rate variability often develop. The aim of our work was to optimize the cardiac rehabilitation of such patients by individualization of physical activity depending on the state of systolic and diastolic left ventricular dysfunction and heart rate variability.
40 patients with acute coronary syndrome and coronary artery revascularization were included into the experimental group. The control group consisted of 20 patients of the same age, clinical and laboratory manifestations of ACS who were treated according to the protocol of Ministry of Health of Ukraine. In both groups of patients clinical efficacy of cardiac rehabilitation process was evaluated according to the dynamics of clinical symptoms, systolic and diastolic left ventricular function and heart rate variability.
In patients with acute coronary syndrome and coronary artery revascularization in the initial state the clinical and laboratory signs of myocardial ischemia disappear, but subclinical and clinical manifestations of heart failure remain.
During the first month of training, the original accelerated cardiac rehabilitation program leads to the decrease of systolic and diastolic signs of cardiac dysfunction and improves heart rate variability, which significantly improves the quality of life of these patients.
For monitoring the efficacy and safety of the performance of cardiac rehabilitation program in patients with acute coronary syndrome and coronary artery revascularization, in addition to conventional methods (determination of heart rate, blood pressure, 6-minute test), it is useful to diagnose subclinical stage of heart failure by examination of systolic, diastolic function and vegetative regulation.
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