In the problem of solving diagnosis and treatment of hard tissue defects, a significant role is played by the choice of tactics for dental treatment of tooth decay. This work was aimed at studying the problem of diagnosis and systematization of hard tissues defects, that will contribute to the objectification of diagnostic and therapeutic approaches in dental treatment of patients with this disease.
The objective of the research was to develop an anatomical and functional systematization for differentiated evaluation of tooth defects, as a basis for the application of differentiated diagnostic and therapeutic approaches to dental treatment of hard tissue defects.
Materials and methods. For differential assessment of the extent of tooth defects and precise estimation of the strength of the composition “tooth-restoration”, we conducted mechanical and mathematical modeling of contact interaction of restoration with dental tissues. We conducted anthropometric studies of all types of cavities of different groups of teeth as well.
Results. As a result of the study, there was proposed the systematization of hard tissues defects – location of defects, occlusive load, extent of defects/ depth of decay. The algorithm for choosing the method of treating hard tissues defects that is based on the systematization of location of defects, occlusive load, extent of defects/ depth of decay and may serve as a selection criterion for the treatment of such pathologies was offered.
Conclusions. The proposed systematization filled the obvious gap in academic ideas of hard tissue defects, suggested the prospect of reaching a consensus on differentiated diagnostic and therapeutic approaches in treatment of patients with this disease building the methodological “bridge of continuity” between therapeutic and orthopedic dentistry in the field of hard tissue defect treatment.
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