Calcium and its compounds play an important role in the regulation of many functions of the body. The concentration of calcium ions in the serum is one of the important constants of homeostasis.
The objective of the research was to study the level of total calcium, ionized calcium, and phosphorus in patients with stage II hypertension and generalized periodontitis of II degree of severity, depending on the method of treatment.
Materials and methods. The main group consisted of 70 patients with generalized periodontitis of II degree of severity and stage II hypertension who were divided into 4 groups. The comparison group consisted of 30 patients suffering from generalized periodontitis of II degree of severity without hypertension who were divided into similar 4 groups depending on age and type of treatment. The control group included 17 patients of corresponding age with healthy periodontium and without somatic pathology.
Results. Twelve months after starting treatment, in younger patients of the main group receiving basic therapy, serum phosphorus level increased by 0.03 mmol /l, and in the older ones, it increased by 0.04 mmol/l. In younger and older patients of the comparison group, serum phosphorus level increased by 0.05 mmol/l. The patients who received basic therapy in combination with the proposed scheme of treatment had higher level of phosphorus than those who received basic therapy only. Twelve months after starting treatment, serum level of total calcium decreased in young and older patients of the main group and comparison group receiving basic therapy. An obvious improvement of treatment 12 months after its starting was observed in all the patients of the main group and comparison group who received basic therapy in combination with the proposed scheme of treatment.
Conclusions. The improved treatment scheme was more effective for treatment of generalized periodontitis of II degree of severity in patients with stage II hypertension.
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