The probability of dry eye syndrome (DES) in the patients using the Silicone-Hydrogel Contact Lenses is examined in many researches. Therefore, adhering to clinical recommendations is an important factor for DES prevention. The urgent issue is also a comprehensive assessment of functional parameters as pathogenetic base of DES.
The objective of the research was tostudy DES development depending on compliance of silicone hydrogel contact lenses users.
Matherials and methods. 97 patients (194 eyes) were included into the research. They formed 2 groups: group I with incomplete compliance (36 persons) and group II with complete compliance (61 persons). All the patients underwent the Norn’s test, Schirmer’s test, Jones test, tear film stability was defined. The probability of the dry eye syndrome development due to the subjective signs was also analysed.
Results. The reliable decrease in the total (р<0.05) and basale lacrimation (р<0.05) indexes, the increase in osmolarity (р<0.05) and decrease in tear film stability (р<0.05) were detected in the patients who did not follow the clinical guidance during the Silicone-Hydrogel Contact Lenses wearing. In the same group the higher risk of dry eye syndrome development was verified (р<0.05).
Conclusion. Compliance disorder in the patients using Silicone-Hydrogel Contact Lenses was found to induce the reliable decrease in total and basale lacrimation, increase in osmolarity and tear stability disorder. All of this factors increase the risk of dry eye syndrome.
Bezkorovayna IM. The effectiveness of the treatment of dry eye syndrome in patients with long-term use soft contact lenses. The world of medicine and biology. 2013;4:9–11
Kovalevskaya MA, Sergeev MI, Chernikova IV. Protecting the ocular surface before and after LASIK. Medica Alm. 2012;4(23):157–61
Rebrova OY. Statistical analysis of medical data. The application package STATISTICA. Social sphere; 2004. 312
Inamoto Y, Sun Y-C, Flowers MED, Carpenter PA, Martin PJ, Li P, et al. Bandage Soft Contact Lenses for Ocular Graft-versus-Host Disease. Biol Blood Marrow Transplant. 2015;21:2002–2007. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbmt.2015.07.013 [PMid: 26189353]
Carnt N, Stapleton F. Strategies for the prevention of contact lens-related Acanthamoeba keratitis: a review. Ophthalmic Physiol Opt. 2016;36:77–92. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1111/opo.12271 [PMid: 26691018]
Kuzman T, Kutija MB, Masnec S, Jandroković S, Mrazovac D, Jurisić D, et al. Compliance among soft contact lens wearers. Coll Antropol. 2014;38:1217–1221. [PMid: 25842762]
Wu YT-Y, Willcox M, Zhu H, Stapleton F. Contact lens hygiene compliance and lens case contamination: A review. Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2015;38:307–16. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.clae.2015.04.007 [PMid: 25980811]
Pili K, Kaštelan S, Karabatić M, Kasun B, Čulig B. Dry eye in contact lens wearers as a growing public health problem. Psychiatr Danub. 2014;26 Suppl 3:528–532. [PMid: 25536992]
Ariwaka Y, Ichijima H, Shimamoto S, Sakata H, Cavanagh HD. Effects of a contact lens subscriber replacement program on patient lens care behavior in Japan. Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2016;39:47–52. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.clae.2015.08.001 [PMid: 26360710]
Sy A, O’Brien KS, Liu MP, Cuddapah PA, Acharya NR, Lietman TM, et al. Expert opinion in the management of aqueous Deficient Dry Eye Disease (DED). BMC Ophthalmol. 2015;15:133 DOI: http://doi.org/10.1186/s12886-015-0122-z [PMid: 26462481][PMCid: PMC4604775]
González-Cavada J, Martin R, Piñero DP. Clinical characterization of asymptomatic or minimally symptomatic young patients showing signs compatible with dry eye: a pilot study. Eye Contact Lens. 2015;41:171–176. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1097/ICL.0000000000000103 [PMid: 25821894]
Lin MC, Polse KA. Improving Care for Patients with Dry Eye Symptoms: See What the Experts Say. Optom Vis Sci. 2015;92:e342–e349. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1097/OPX.0000000000000651 [PMid: 26176354]
Papas E, Tilia D, McNally J, de la Jara PL. Ocular discomfort responses after short periods of contact lens wear. Optom Vis Sci. 2015;92:665–670. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1097/OPX.0000000000000607 [PMid: 26001894]
Yang W, Yang Y-N, Cao J, Man Z-H, Yuan J, Xiao X, et al. Risk Factors for Dry Eye Syndrome: A Retrospective Case-Control Study. Optom Vis Sci. 2015;92:e199–e205. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1097/OPX.0000000000000541 [PMid: 25756335]
Sapkota K. Level of compliance in contact lens wearing medical doctors in Nepal. Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2015;38:456–60. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.clae.2015.05.010 [PMid: 26048663]
Sheedy J, Hardy RF, Hayes JR. Progressive addition lenses--measurements and ratings. Optometry. 2006;77:23–39. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.optm.2005.10.019 [PMid: 16458243]
Lemp MA, Bron AJ, Baudouin C, Benítez Del Castillo JM, Geffen D, Tauber J, et al. Tear osmolarity in the diagnosis and management of dry eye disease. Am J Ophthalmol. 2011;151:792–798.e1. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajo.2010.10.032 [PMid: 21310379]
Wu YT, Willcox MDP, Stapleton F. The effect of contact lens hygiene behavior on lens case contamination. Optom Vis Sci. 2015;92:167–174. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1097/OPX.0000000000000477 [PMid: 25951478]
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.